GEMSTONE GLOSSARY AND HEALING PROPERTIES

Garnet January Garnet Amethyst February Amethyst Aquamarine March Aquamarine Diamond April Diamond
Emerald May Emerald Pearl June Pearl Ruby July Ruby Peridot August Peridot
Sapphire September Sapphire Opal October Opal Citrine November Citrine Topaz December Topaz

Traditionally, gemstones have been divided into precious and semi-precious categories. Gems were deemed "precious" largely based on a history of ecclesiastical, devotional or ceremonial use, as well as rarity. The four "cardinal" precious gems are diamond, ruby, sapphire and emerald. Semi-precious stones are pretty much everything else. There are more than 130 species of minerals that have been cut into gems, with 50 species in common use. Gems such as pearls, coral, ivory, jet, amber and mother of pearl are not "stone" at all, but are considered semi-precious for purposes of jewellery making.

Did you know that you can balance the body through the healing properties of gemstones and crystals? For thousands of years, ancient civilizations have utilized their power to release mental, physical and spiritual blockages thus facilitating the free flow of energy throughout the body. At a cellular level the human body and quartz crystal are both made up of the mineral silicon dioxide. This is why we are naturally receptive to the vibrations of crystals as they transmit, reflect, store light and receive energy. When gemstones are placed on the body, they have a powerful vibratory effect that surges from the stone to the individual who embraces its energy. According to the law of physics, thought directs energy and energy follows thought. Each energy piece is a vehicle to help the thoughts of our consciousness connect with our body.

AMAZONITE

Amazonite is a lovely baby blue gemstone that brings clarity, balance and insight and is soothing to the nerves. This semi-opaque stone, known as the "stone of courage" was used extensively by the Egyptians. It is said to have received it's name for the Amazon women warriors who worshiped the moon goddess Diana. Some say its name was given due to the fact that it was discovered near the Amazon River.

Amazonite is believed to reduce self-damaging behavior and increase straight posture. It is said to be a stone of self-respect, confidence, grace and self-assuredness.  It helps to filter information and combine it with natural intuition to enhance understanding. Good for anyone involved in the arts as it is said to enhance creativity and the ability to express oneself and to improve one's ability to cooperate with others. It is a wonderful stone to place over a door to bring in new business.

AMETHYST

Amethyst is a translucent purple variety of quartz, and one of the most popular coloured gems. It is the birthstone of February and the gemstone of the 6th and 17th wedding anniversaries.

The word amethyst comes from the Greek amethystos, meaning "non-intoxicating." Known as the "sobriety stone", it was believed by the Greeks and Romans to prevent drunkenness. This stone has a long history with religious practices too. In the Egyptian Book of the Dead, instructions are given for placing heart shaped amethyst on the body of the deceased. The Chaldean Magi believed this stone protected against evil sorcery and brought success and good luck. Amethyst was also said to grant an understanding of hidden knowledge. Leonardo da Vinci thought amethyst was able to dissipate evil thoughts and quicken the intelligence. At one time in China, pieces of amethyst were rented to people involved in lawsuits, as the stone was said to give one a more positive outlook, thus attracting a favourable outcome.

Today, it's considered a stone of wisdom and worn to enhance intuition, inspire creativity and encourage peace and stability. It has the added ability to absorb negative energy while emitting positive energy.

AMETRINE

Ametrine is a double coloured gemstone (amethyst and citrine) with a double history. Most geological references state that Ametrine was first brought to the gem market in the 1970s. Another story is that during the 17th century, a conquistador named Don Felipe married Anakha, the princess to the Aureiros tribe of Bolivia. The mine, named Anahi for the princess, was given to him as part of her dowry. When it came time for Felipe to return to Spain, his princess bride wished to return with him. As the couple attempted to depart, angry tribesmen turned on them and murdered the young princess. The duo coloured gem is said to represent the princess' two loyalties: to her husband and to her tribe.

It is known to help one reach higher states of awareness, leading to peace and tranquility. It balances and facilitates in removing negative energy blocks in the body, replacing them with pure light.

APATITE

Apatite is a gorgeous shade of clear light tourquoise. Named for the Greek word meaning 'deception', apatite imitates other stones in its chemical composition. It has often been confused for other stones like aquamarine. This is a gemstone of health, clarity and peace, and promotes the attitude that one's strength and willpower comes through love. Apatite is an inspirational stone, developing one's insight, psychic abilities and imagination. It stimulates creativity and intellect and clears confusion, restoring clear thought. Use it to aid communication and self-expression and confidence. This stone encourages extroversion and dissolves alienation. Because it opens the throat chakra, it facilitates public speaking and enhances group communication. It is especially useful when you are having difficulty letting go of someone or something that is no longer good for you or has no place in your life. Use it while you meditate upon that issue. On a physical level, it helps absorb calcium.

AQUAMARINE

Aquamarine, a universal symbol of youth, hope and health, blesses those born in March. A member of the important beryl family, which includes the emerald, it is less brittle and more durable than emerald.

Long associated with the ocean and water, the ancients saw this as a stone of courage and felt that carrying it would help them return safe and prosperous from all sea voyages. Beads of aquamarine have been found in ancient Egyptian mummy pits. It is held in quite high regard in the East as the Stone of the Seer and Mystic, a gemstone that imparts purity to the wearer, as well as encouraging a gentle nature and personality in the wearer. Today, it has been known to clear the mind and balancing the emotions while strengthening personal power. It encourages a connection with the higher spiritual self and is worn for good health, luck and love. It alleviates fears and phobias, while strengthening mental clarity and communication. To some it is a symbol of peace.

From lightest sky-blue to the deep blue of the sea ... aquamarines show all these shades of exceptionally beauty. It is truly a fascinating stone.

CHALCEDONY

Chalcedony is a variety of the mineral quartz that occurs in a great variety of colours including blue, lavender, white, buff, light tan, gray, yellow, pink, red or brown. Chalcedony is a common quartz found in United States, Austria, Czech Republic, Iceland, Mexico, Britain, New Zealand, Turkey, Russia, and Brazil. Considered a sacred stone by the Native American Indians, chalcedony nurtures and promotes brotherhood and good will. Chalcedony harmonizes mind, body and spirit and instills generosity. Mothers use it to increase lactation, and it also fosters the maternal instinct. Chalcedony increases physical energy and is healing for the eyes, gallbladder, bones, spleen, blood and circulatory system.

CARNELIAN

Carnelian brings good luck and opportunity, awakens talents within and encourages creative visualization. It provides protection and was referred to as the "protection stone" to warriors. Carnelian dispels apathy, helps increase motivation, energy and endurance. A stone of physical energy and strength, self-worth and satisfaction, it helps open doors while bringing joy, confidence and happiness.

CITRINE

Citrine is the birthstone for November, and is a very popular member of the quartz family. It can range in colour from pale yellow to dark amber and golden brown.

Citrine is referred to as the "merchant", "success" and "wealth" stone, because, as folklore says, it helps to acquire prosperity and promote success and abundance in business and commerce. In ancient times, citrine was carried as protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. It is great for problem solving as it energizes and strengthens the solar plexus. It is a stone of happiness, openness, light, optimism and fresh beginnings. It also helps with depression. Citrine's rich warm colour brings "sunlight" energy to its wearer, brings earthly pleasure, generosity, creativity, and endurance.

Citrine is one of the only stones that dissipates negative energy and never requires cleansing or clearing. It emits a warm energy that promotes optimism. It attracts abundance and is known as "a merchant's stone" to be placed in a cash register or where one conducts business, to not only acquire positive wealth but to maintain it as well. It enhances the body's healing energy and opens the conscious mind to intuition. It helps one adjust and adapt to process changes, feeling confident and secure. Citrine's magnetic radiating energy can aid in voice projection, making this the perfect stone for actors and public speakers.

CHRYSOPRASE

Chrysoprase, also known as apple green calcedony is often referred to as "Australian Jade" for its marvelous opalescent green colour. It is the nickel component in the stone that creates the green colour. Chrysoprase is found mostly in Australia, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Russia and California and is the rarest of the chalcedony group. Sometimes thought to confer spiritual protection, chrysoprase is an alternate birthstone for May (Gemini). This stone helps to make conscious what is unconscious. It strengthens the workings of insight and the higher consciousness. It encourages hope and joy and helps clarify problems. Chrysoprase has been used as a cure for restlessness and is said to provide protection on sea voyages.

CORAL

Coral is a gemstone that grows in long branch-like formations, created by sea life of calcium and calcite. It is one of the most ancient types of jewellery and has been worn for thousands of years. Coral has been found in ancient Egyptian and European burial sites. Red and orange corals are known to stimulate your energy and make you feel warmer from the inside out. It is also said to promote fertility. Coral is also said to give the wearer an overall calming feeling. A great lore of coral is that is has a powerful charm that will stop bleeding, and injuries will heal faster. Coral is believed to ward off hurricanes, evil spirits and to bring good weather. (See "Beth Gives Back" at Bottom of Home Page)

DIAMOND

Diamond is the birthstone for April. It is comprised of compressed carbon, the foundational element of all life. This brilliant stone has been found to occur naturally in almost every colour and shade including blue, red, green, yellow, lavender, pink, gunmetal blue, coffee brown, and black. The value is based on the 4 C's: clarity, colour, cut and carat weight. Diamonds are considered the "king" of precious gems, and have long been a symbol of love and betrothal. They represent power, purity, and strength, and are said to attract inspiration and abundance.

EMERALD

Emerald is birthstone for May and part of the Beryl mineral family. Emerald, a precious genstome, is the stone of the goddess Venus, so it embodies love, fertility and rebirth. It attracts love and success and helps to bring balance at all levels by healing and activating our hearts highest desire.

GARNET

Garnet is a hard, durable, often very brilliant stone, and is most often seen in deep red to red-pink shades. Known as the "health stone", the garnet was traditionally used to strengthen and protect against disorders of the blood, offering protection from toxins, depression, negativity, and anemia as it dissolves emotional blockages in the body. The use of garnets can be traced to ancient times. It is recorded that Noah used a garnet lantern to steer his ark through the darkness of the night.
Garnets are gemstones that promote truth and clarity, creativity, regeneration and balance. It is a lucky stone for love, as it is the attractor of romantic love, passion, and sensuality. Garnets help to awaken the "inner fire" of creativity. Many who are accident prone should wear a garnet. It is the beautiful birthstone for January.

GOLD

Gold is a remarkable, precious metal, with an unparalleled combination of chemical and physical properties. The only yellow metal, its name comes from the Old English word for yellow, 'geolu'. It will never rust or tarnish as it is the only metal that does not form an oxide film on its surface in air at normal temperatures. 

GOLD FILLED

Gold Filled is a layer of 14kt gold mechanically bonded under heat and pressure to another metal, then rolled or drawn to a given thickness. The quantity of the gold must be at least 1/20th of the item's total weight. It is much thicker than gold plate, contains a significantly higher gold content (approx. 100x more) and is generally considered lifetime products as they are virtually indistinguishable in look and feel from 14 kt gold. A great balance of cost and quality.

(Gold Filled is not to be confused with Gold Plating as filled literally has 100% more gold than gold plating. Gold filled is much more valuable and tarnish resistant. It does not flake off, rub off or turn colour. In fact, anyone who can wear gold can wear gold filled without worries of an allergic reaction.)

GOLD PLATED/VERMEIL

Gold Plated or Vermeil (pronounced ver-may) is a combination of precious metals. The inside core is pure sterling silver. The outer coating is of solid, finely crafted 14kt gold. These two precious metals are combined to produce long-lasting jewelry that looks, feels, and endures exactly like pure gold.

HEMATITE

Hematite grounds and protects us.  It strengthens our connection with the earth, making us feel safe and secure.  It endows us with courage, strength, endurance and vitality.  A "stone for the mind", Hematite stimulates concentration and focus, enhancing memory and original thought.

Hematite utilises the magnetic qualities of our yin-yang energies to balance the meridians within the body and to provide a stable equilibrium between the ethereal nervous system and the physical nervous system.  It focuses energy and emotions for balance between the body, mind and spirit.

Dissolves negativity and prevents you from absorbing the negativity of others.  Haematite is strong, supporting timidity, boosting self-esteem and survivability, enhancing willpower and reliability, and imparting confidence.  It helps to overcome compulsions and addictions, treating overeating, smoking and other forms of overindulgence. 

Haematite restores, strengthens and regulates the blood supply, aiding blood conditions such as anaemia.  It supports the kidneys and regenerates tissue.  Stimulates the absorption of iron and formation of red blood cells.  Treats leg cramps, anxiety and insomnia.  Hematite aids spinal alignment and fractures. (taken from Charms of Light website)

IOLITE

Iolite is a beautiful blue to violet blue gemstone. The name comes from the Greek ios, which means violet. The Vikings probably mined iolite from deposits in Norway and Green land. Viking sailors used iolite as a polarizing filter to find the sun on cloudy days for a safe offshore navigation; it is known as the Viking Compass. Also called the Water Sapphire, its healing properties are said to bring harmony and well-being to personal relationships. Iolite is also said to help eliminate debt by encouraging the wearer to take responsibility on how to manage finances.

JADE

Jade is considered a powerful lucky charm and believed to improve vitality and is associated with wisdom, peace and harmony.

LABRADORITE

Labradorite is a fascinating and beautiful mineral, whose charm is not fully noticed and may be overlooked if not viewed from the proper position. Generally a smokey grey looking mineral with no special virtue until light strikes it in a particular direction, it displays an electric glow of rainbow-coloured reflections. These exquisite flashes of violet, blue, hazel green or even orange, pink and red are known as labradorescence.

Labradorite was first found in 1770 on the Labrador Peninsula in Canada. It is also found in Norway, and the former USSR. There is a bright blue semi-transparent variety called spectrolite that is only found in Finland. Labradorite is a power stone, allowing you to see through illusions and determine the actual form of your dreams and goals. It is excellent for strengthening intuitions. It stimulates the imagination, helps to develop enthusiasm and thus inspires new ideas and allows you to see more clearly in meditation. 

LAPIS LAZULI

Lapis Lazuli is believed to have existed since "before time was born". It is a bright royal blue opaque gemstone, the stone of wisdom, awareness and perfection. Lapis is worn to encourage a state of serenity.

MOONSTONE

Moonstone is a beautiful milky white gem known by its enchanting play and electric blue "flash" of glowing light that seems to spring from inside the stone. It is a part of the feldspar family from a variety known as adularia and is typically found in white to milky blue. In many cultures it is regarded as a holy, magical stone. In India, the moonstone is believed to bring good luck and is considered sacred. The Romans thought that wearers of the Moonstone would receive wisdom, wealth and success in battle. It has been known as the "dream stone" which helps the wearer to have beautiful visions while asleep. Moonstone helps to bring all that is needed to fulfill your deepest wishes, balancing emotions and honing intuition. It represents nurturance, motherly love, support, and encouragement and has been credited with healing and regenerating tissues, organs, and the reproductive system (believed to increase fertility). It assists with greater clarity and light while opening doors to one's inner capabilities. It is considered a talisman for good fortune and success as it helps the wearer to see all the possibilities and discard tunnel vision. Moonstone stimulates confidence and is worn by travellers for protection. It honours the energy of the moon and is a very feminine stone. Moonstone is the other modern birthstone for June.

ONYX

Onyx is a type of black chalcedony quartz with a fine lustrous texture. Used in jewellery for thousands of years, it was prized by the Greeks and Romans and extremely popular during the Victorian and Art Deco periods. It helps to strengthen and ground physical and spiritual energy, while aiding in self-mastery and balance of masculine and feminine energies. It is the stone of visions and guidance through meditation and dreams and is worn for protection and inspiration. It is known to help calm one's fears, leaving a feeling of stability and security. It releases negativity while encouraging self control. Onyx is an alternate birthstone for February, the mystical birthstone for December and the gemstone for the 10th wedding anniversary.

PEARL

Pearl is the birthstone for June. With its warm inner glow and shimmering irridescence, it has been one of the most highly prized and sought after gems. Historically, pearls have been the symbol of purity, innocence and faith. In ancient Rome, pearls were considered the ultimate symbol of wealth and social standing. The Greeks held the pearl in high esteem for both its unrivaled beauty and its association with love and marriage. Pearls were considered the "tears of the gods". Royal families throughout history and have revered the pearl as one of the most valued treasures while collecting and adorning themselves with this lustrous, organic gem. Cultured pearls are formed in an almost identical fashion to natural pearls, except that man surgically implants a foreign body, a small piece of polished shell, in the oyster (in the ocean) or mussel (in freshwater lakes or rivers), rather than leaving it to chance.

RUBY

Ruby blesses those born in July. It is the most highly valued of precious gemstones and is the red variety of the mineral corundum. In Sanskrit, the word for ruby is “ratnaraj”, meaning “king of precious stones.” Historically, it has symbolized love and passion, considered an aid to firm friendship, and believed to enhance beauty. It can range in colour from purplish or bluish red to a yellowish red, but the finest colour is a vivid, almost pure spectral red with a very faint undertone of blue, as seen in Burmese rubies, which are considered the finest. The ruby is a briliant stone, very hard, durable, and wearable stone. The ruby is said to protect the wearer from negativity, harm, or illness while attracting stability, loyalty, and wealth. It is a stone of energy, passion and enthusiasm! Ruby stimulates and supports the Root Chakra, activating the kundalini energy in a balanced way.

STERLING SILVER

Sterling Silver is a white, highly reflective precious metal composed of 925 parts of pure silver and 75 parts alloy, usually copper. Copper provides the silver with sufficient hardness and wearing qualities, as pure silver is sometimes considered too soft to be used or worn everyday. Sterling silver is used in a wide variety of jewellery for a beautiful polished look.

TIGERS EYE

Tigers Eye is quite a beautiful gemstone. Known as the "Stone of Faith", it is said to bring spiritual well-being and psychic protection to its wearer. It is very a grounding and balancing stone and is also said to attract beauty and abundance.

PERIDOT

Peridot is the birthstone for August and the gemstone form of the mineral olivine. This lovely transparent gemstone only comes in shades of green, from pale yellowish green to brilliant chartreuse to deep olive green. Peridot is rare and expensive in larger sizes, and can usually only be found in smaller stones. Peridot, prized for its healing powers, was a favourite of the ancients who considered it quite a powerful gem. It was extensively used in Egyptian and Roman jewellery. In ancient times it was considered an aid to friendship and was also believed to free the mind of envious and negative thoughts. And, if worn on the left arm it would protect the wearer from the evil eye. During the Middle Ages, it was believed to dispel the darkness and terrors of the night. King Edward VII wore a peridot for good luck. It promotes warmth, friendliness and happiness, while stimulating and strengthening organs and cells. It is considered an excellent stone for cleansing, healing and aligning the heart chakra. It releases energy of softness and warmth and is nurturing to the wearer.

PERUVIAN OPAL

Peruvian Opal is an exquisite blue-green translucent stone found in the Andes mountains near San Patricio, Peru. Copper may be the essential trace element that causes its soft distinctive colour. It has been used by native South Americans for more than a thousand years. No two opals are ever identical - providing a unique and beautiful piece of jewellery.

QUARTZ CRYSTAL

Quartz Crystal is a clear stone of manifestation that energizes and activates the energy centers within the body. It helps the wearer to think clearly, allowing them to focus and become clear about their dreams and desires. Assisting with spiritual development, quartz crystal assists in removing blockages in the body so energy can flow smoothly.

ROSE QUARTZ

Rose Quartz is the pretty pink gemstone known as the "love stone". The high energy of quartz gives rose quartz the property of enhancing love in virtually any situation. It is also a very soothing and happy stone. It adds positive energy to relationships and represents compassion, forgiveness and harmony. Rose quartz is said to be calming and useful for clearing stored anger, resentment, jealousy and fears. It balances emotions and heals emotional wounds and traumas, even grief, bringing peace and calm. It can help with reconciliation with family and others. Overwhelming or unreasonable guilt is eased by rose quartz. Physically rose quartz is used in crystal healing to benefit the heart, the circulatory system, fertility, headaches, kidney disease, migraines, sexual dysfunction, sinus problems, throat problems, depression, addictions, earaches, slowing signs of aging, reducing wrinkles, spleen problems, fibromyalgia, and reaching one's ideal weight. Rose quartz is also helpful and protective during pregnancy and childbirth and for supporting brain functions and increasing intellect.

RUTILATED QUARTZ

Rutilated Quartz contains thin threads of minerals that are referred to as "angel threads." and therefore is believed to attract angels to the wearer. In jewellery design, it is known to enhance the energy of other stones that it is combined with. it is known to stimulate movement while aligning mind and body. The Egyptians believed that it helped to fend off the effects of aging.

SAPPHIRE

Sapphire blesses those born in September. The finest sapphires are considered to be the blue variety - specifically those from Burma and Kashmir, which are closest to the pure spectral blue. Fine, brilliant, deep blue Burmese sapphires will surely dazzle the eye, and the pocketbook, as will those from Kashmir, which are a fine velvety-toned deep blue. Blue sapphires also come from Tanzania, Brazil, Africa, and even the U.S.A. (Montana and North Carolina).

Sapphire has been the traditional birthstone of April since ancient times, including the Hebrew, Roman, and Arabic traditions. Sapphire is corundum, and comes in virtually any colour of the rainbow including blue, pink, purple, orange, green, clear, black, and red (known as ruby). The sapphire's hardness, brilliance, and availability in a spectrum of beautiful colours make it an important and versatile gemstone. Sapphire is a stone that enhances creative expression, intuition, and meditation. Sapphires are believed to be "wise" stones with the ability to focus clear thinking, and loving, healing energy to those who need it most. It is said to draw protection and guidance to one's mission in life while bringing hope, faith, and joy in our journey. The sapphire is also the symbol of the heavens, truth, and higher awareness.

SMOKEY QUARTZ

Smokey Quartz is a popular variety of quartz and has an unusual colour for a gemstone, from brown to black and sometimes smokey grey. The cause of the colour of smokey quartz is in question but it is almost certainly related to the amount of exposure to radiation that the stone has undergone. Natural smokey quartz often occurs in granitic rocks which have a small but persistent amount of radioactivity. Natural smoky quartz comes from many sources around the world. A few of the more noteworthy locations include Brazil, the worlds largest supplier, Pikes Peak area of Colorado, USA, and the Swiss Alps. It is a stone that helps to ground and connect the wearer to the earth, allowing them to keep their feet on the ground and remain balanced. It assists in removing mental and emotional blockages, relieving pain and dispersing negativity from the body. It is worn for emotional support and helps to dissolve anger and resentment.

TOPAZ

Topaz is most thought of as a golden yellow gemstone, it occurs in a number of colours, including red, brown, green, pink and shades of blue. The name "topaz" comes from the Greek word meaning "to shine," and to ancient Egyptians, its golden colour symbolized their sun god Ra. Known as the "Stone of the Sun" it allows its wearer to place their dreams and wishes into it to be reflected into the universe for fulfillment. Topaz is a powerful calming stone that balances emotions, breaks up stagnant energy, releases tension and can bring joy. Topaz stimulates metabolism and digestion, heightening the tastebuds! In Ancient times it is said to enhance one's spiritual potential, increase intelligence and creativity, and impart wisdom which will in turn will lead to wealth. Physically, topaz aids with gout, blood disorders, hemorrhages, poor appetite, tissue regeneration, tuberculosis, age reversal, and the endocrine system. Blue topaz specifically promotes artistic inspiration, strengthening the thyroid gland and enhancing the metabolism (commonly be used for weightloss). Wear topaz if you wish to be clear-sighted as legend has it that it dispels all enchantment and helps to improve eyesight. Wear topaz to attract good fortune, happiness, and hope.

TOURMALINE

Tourmaline has only found popularity since the late 18th century, but it is easy to see why everyone loves it. One of the most versatile and brilliant of the gem families, it is found in a wide range of colours from deep green to pastel pink, even with two or more colours appearing in the same stone (watermelon tourmaline). Tourmaline is prized for its ability to balance the right and left sides of the brain while inspiring and awakening objectivity, compassion and serenity and enhances tolerance, understanding, kindness, empathy and discernment. It is the stone of "true love and success in all endeavors." Tourmaline is a very protective stone that is often helpful for channeling and healing work, allowing the wearer to let go of pain, grief and uncertainty. Each colour of this stone holds it's own magical attributes: Pinks promote love, joy, peace and friendship, and worn to promote sympathy toward others. Green draws money and success in business, and worn to stimulate one's creativity. Blue, with it's cool, tranquil, soothing vibrations, helps balance the emotions, with creativity, self expression and psychic perception. Blue is also for peace, restful sleeps and to de-stress. Black is for grounding. It is protective and absorbs negativity through visualization. Watermelon balances male and female energies and opens one to accept the power of love. All tourmalines are said to enhance understanding, increase self-confidence and amplify psychic energies. They are told to neutralize negative energies, dispel fear and grief as well as aid in concentration and communication.Tourmaline relaxes the body and mind, and to aids in the treatment of infectious diseases, anxiety, blood poisoning, arthritis and heart disease. The birthstone of October and one of Beth's favourite gems.

TURQUOISE

Turquoise is an opaque stone that exhibits a range colours from sky-blue to dark blue, green to apple-green depending on the mineral composition. The finest colour is an intense, seamless blue which can be found in Persia and from the Sleeping Beauty mine in Arizona. Turquoise has been considered a lucky and protective stone in many cultures since ancient times. It protects the wearer with courage, balance, strength and success and guards against accidents, especially falls. It has also been used as a protective stone to pregnant mothers. Its versatility as a "power stone" made it one of the most honoured gems in Native American culture. Also called the "stone of health" as it is known as a master healing stone...it helps to sooth the throat and nervous system. It promotes health, peace and inner calm and is worn for communication, luck and love. Turquoise is the birthstone for December.

VERMEIL

Vermeil (pronounced ver-may) is a fancy shmancy name for gold plated sterling and is a combination of precious metals. The inside core is pure sterling silver. The outer coating is of solid, finely crafted 14kt, 22kt or 24 kt gold. These two precious metals are combined to produce long-lasting jewellery that looks and feels like pure gold.

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